July 2, 2016

Leonard H. Verduin (1897–1999): A Chronology of His Life and a Bibliographic Index

[Work in Progress]
Tony Byrne


Early in my Christian life, because of the so-called “Lordship salvation debate,” I began searching into the issue of the differing views throughout church history on the continuities and discontinuities between the OT and NT. When I began to investigate the Reformation era and the “Anabaptists,” Leonard Verduin’s (pronounced as Ver-dine, according to James White) writings were particularly helpful, especially his insights on the theme of church-state relations. Since the early 1990’s, he has been one of my favorite authors. I love his writing style and historical honesty. Consequently, I wish to honor this man by providing the church with a biographical sketch of his life and a chronological bibliography of his writings. John Stead rightly said:
It is unfortunate that his [Verduin’s] works have not received greater circulation. He reads all the languages of the Reformation fluently, thereby allowing him access to the actual writings and documents. In my estimation, his historiography is of the highest quality. What Paul Johnson did for historiography in exposing the utopian schemes of the twentieth century, Verduin does in the bringing forward the great contributions of the dissenters from A.D. 313 to the founding of this nation [the U.S.].
John P. Stead, “Developing a Biblical View of Church and State,” in Think Biblically: Rediscovering a Christian Worldview, ed. John MacArthur (Wheaton: Crossway Books, 2003), 350n3.

It is hoped that the following information will help his works to receive greater attention and circulation. This index is original research. Please do not copy or reproduce without my permission or without linking back to this post.

I. Biographical Information

A Chronology of His Life
  • He was born on March 9, 1897 on a truck farm in South Holland (Cook County), Illinois. He was the son of Cornelius Verduin and Aartje Swets. His father was one of the first, if not the very first, child to be baptized in the CRC by Rev. Koene Vanden Bosch of Noordeloos, Michigan. Leonard’s paternal and maternal grandparents had been involved in the secession of 1834 and were among those who went to the New World to escape persecution. Leonard was the 8th of nine children born of this marriage. He had a brother named John and one named Harry. Leonard’s great-grandfather Willem Verduin emigrated from Holland to America in 1848.
  • Baptized around 3 years old since his father, at the time, was having doubts about infant baptism.
  • For a short time, Leonard and his parents lived on a farm in the Sioux Indian reservation in Todd County, South Dakota. In 1983 he said he still spoke a little Sioux. It was here that Leonard met and married Hattie Timmermans in 1918. The Verduins eventually reared 5 children. He had sons named Arthur, Cal, and Ron. His great granddaughter is Elizabeth.
  • In 1920 he moved to Hull, Iowa, where he attended Western Academy, a Christian Reformed high school, though his first year of high school was by correspondence. Hattie ran a restaurant there, and Leonard finished the rest of his high school requirements in two years and graduated  with the first class from Western Academy.
  • After teaching a year, during which he took correspondence courses with the University of Chicago, Leonard moved to Grand Rapids and started Calvin College in 1923
  • After three years he graduated from Calvin College (A.B.) in 1926, and then went to seminary.
  • Earned a Th.B degree from Calvin Theological Seminary in 1929.
  • Ordained in 1929.
  • Pastored in Corsica, South Dakota from 1929 to 1941.
  • Appointed chaplain at the campus chapel in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1942. The history of the chapel can be read here. Verduin was the first student chaplain in the CRC. He served at the CRC campus chapel at Ann Arbor, Michigan from 1941–62 (according to Haan). He often compared Ann Arbor to the Athens of Paul’s day. What began in 1941 as a small gathering of students in the university’s Women's League soon grew to a larger gathering that met at the Student Religious Center, and then to a sizable group that held its meetings in a large home that once had served as the governor’s mansion and now doubled as a parsonate. Finally, in 1949, a comely stone chapel was built on the university campus, where it stands today as a witness to the Reformed faith.
  • Invited John Christian Wenger to his home in Ann Arbor in August of 1942. Around this time he might have also had contact with prominent Mennonite scholar Harold S. Bender.
  • During this time in Ann Arbor (1946) he received a master’s degree in history (A.M. from the University of Michigan), and he developed a wide range of linguistic skills, including Hebrew, Greek, Latin, German (medieval and modern), and French. He already knew Dutch. It was in Ann Arbor, too, that Verduin did much of the research for his books. The University of Michigan has a marvelous library, one that contains a wealth of materials on the Synod of Dort. It also has a vast amount of material on the early history of the Dutch in Michigan and bales of letters written by them, materials which Verduin reported on as part of the requirements for a Master of Arts degree in history.
  • Around 1946, Verduin accepted the task of translating the works of Menno Simons.
  • In May 1948, he completed the task of translating some 300 pages of the second part of the 1681 Dutch edition of Simons’writings.
  • Stayed in the Netherlands 1950–1951 on a Fulbright scholarship to study the Protestant Reformation in that country, and perfected his academic Dutch.
  • In October 1954, Verduin completed translating most of the first part of the 1681 edition of Simons’ work. Over the next few years he translated several additional items.
  • His translation of The Complete Writings of Menno Simons came out in 1956.
  • Served on a three-person synodical committee (Belgic Confession Revision Committee) in 1957 to consider a possible revision.
  • In 1961, the Synod disagreed with Verduin’s recommendations for the revision and proposed  changes to Article 36 without explanation.
  • Retired as chaplain in 1962. According to Arthur, his son, Verduin was offered an academic position at Goshen College in Indiana, but he declined, preferring to enjoy his retirement. Since his retirement in 1962, the Verduins spent summers in Grand Rapids and winters in a mobile home park in Apache Junction near Phoenix, Arizona. He loved the nearby primitive areas and often went hiking there.
  • Published The Reformers and Their Stepchildren in 1964.
  • Published Toward a Theistic Creationism in 1969.
  • Published Somewhat Less Than God in 1970.
  • Published The Anatomy of a Hybrid in 1976.
  • In June 1977 (at age 80), Verduin, as one of seven members, was appointed to a special committee with the task of preparing a fresh translation of the Belgic Confession that would match the contemporary language of the Heidelberg Catechism and the canons of Dort. The committee started its deliberations in September of 1977 and concluded its work in 1985.
  • Verduin celebrates his 85th birthday in the Palm Lane Christian Reformed Church in Scottsdale, Arizona on March 9, 1983. Soon Mr. and Mrs. Verduin will celebrate their 64 wedding anniversary. They worship at the Palm Late CRC during the winter.
  • Gertrude Haan writes her profile on Verduin and it is published in The Banner on August 1, 1983. Leonard was 86 and his wife, Hattie, was 85. They are described as the oldest couple in the ministry in the Christian Reformed Church. The Rev. William D. Buursma served as pastor to the retired couple. Verduin, in 1983, said that he still speaks a little Sioux.
  • His wife, Hattie, whom he was married to for almost 70 years, passed away on July 27, 1987.
  • Published Honor Your Mother in 1988.
  • In 1997 (at age 100), he and his oldest son, Arthur, traveled to Sarasota to meet John J. Overholt.
  • Published That First Amendment and the Remnant in Sarasota in 1998.
  • Died November 10, 1999 (at age 102) in Payson, Arizona.
  • Eulogies given by Rev. Don Postema and Rev. William Buursma on November 18, 1999.
Sources for Biographical Information

Margaret Meyering, “Verduin’s 85th Birthday Celebrated,” The Banner 117.15 (April 19, 1982): 22.

Gertrude Haan (former associate editor of The Banner), “A Prophet in Athens: Profile of Rev. Leonard Verduin,” The Banner 118.28 (August 1, 1983): 14–15.

Leonard Verduin, “Things Remembered,” Origins 18.1 (Spring 2000): 10–11. Written at age 100.

William Buursma, “Rev. Leonard Verduin, 1897–1999,” Origins 18.1 (Spring 2000): 7–9. https://www.calvin.edu/hh/origins/Spring00.pdf

Gerlof D. Homan, “Torn Between Two Faiths? American Calvinist Leonard Verduin’s Anabaptist-Mennonite Connection,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 78.2 (April 2004): 271–295.

Christian Reformed Church Ministers Database

Pictures of the Rev. L. Verduin

II. Books

The Reformers and Their Stepchildren. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1964; repr. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1980. This book emerged out of a series of lectures sponsored by the Calvin Foundation in Grand Rapids in the fall of 1963.

Toward A Theistic Creationism. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1969.

Somewhat Less Than God: The Biblical View of Man. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1970.

The Anatomy of a Hybrid: A Study in Church-State Relationships. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1976.

Honor Your Mother: Christian Reformed Church Roots in the Secession of 1834. Grand Rapids, MI: CRC Publications, 1988.

That First Amendment and the Remnant. Sarasota, FL: Christian Hymnary Publishers, 1998/2007.

Common Grace and Its Bearing on Church and State: A Paper Read Before the Theology Forum. Mennonite Hist. Library, n.d.

III. Book Contributions

Leonard Verduin, “Tests for the Proper Celebration of the Lord’s Supper,” in Sermons on the Heidelberg Catechism, vol. 3: Sermons on Baptism and the Lord’s Supper (Lord’s Days 25–31), ed. Henry J. Kuiper (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1938), 108–119.

Leonard Verduin, “Luther’s Dilemma: Restitution or Reformation?,” in The Dawn of Modern Civilization: Studies in Renaissance, Reformation and Other Topics Presented to Honor Albert Hyma, ed. Kenneth A. Strand (Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Publishers, 1962).

Also in “Luther’s Dilemma: Restitution or Reformation?,” in Essays on Luther, ed. Kenneth A. Strand (Ann Arbor, MI: 1969), 73–96.

The Complete Writings of Menno Simmons, trans. Leonard Verduin (Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1956/1966/1984/1986).

The Church Orders of the Sixteenth Century Reformed Churches of the Netherlands: Together with their Social, Political, and Ecclesiastical Context , trans. and ed. by Richard A. DeRidder with the assistance of Peter H. Jonker and Leonard Verduin (Grand Rapids, MI: Calvin Theological Seminary, 1987).

IV. Journal Articles

Unknown title, The Banner (March 3, 1933).

Unknown title, The Banner (July 24, 1934).

“Ostrich Nurture,” The Banner 6 (July 1939): 627.

“Menno Simons’ Theology Reviewed,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 24 (January 1950): 53–64.

“As to Being Sectarian,” The Calvin Forum 16.10 (May 1951): 210–213.

“Communism—God’s Servant?,” The Reformed Journal 1.3 (May 1951): 13–14.

“Church and State—A Historical Survey: I. The Apostolic Age,” The Reformed Journal 2.10 (October 1952): 12–13.

“Church and State—A Historical Survey: II. The Fallen Church,” The Reformed Journal 2.11 (November 1952): 12–14.

“Church and State—A Historical Survey: III. The Reformers,” The Reformed Journal 2.12 (December 1952): 6–8.

“Church and State—A Historical Survey: IV. After the Reformation,” The Reformed Journal 3.1 (January 1953): 9–12.

“Religion and the State University,” The Calvin Forum 18.6 (January 1953): 105–107.

“The ‘Absolute’ Antithesis,” The Reformed Journal 3.6 (June 1953): 10–13.

“Biblical Christianity and Culture Composition,” The Reformed Journal 3.10 (October 1953): 1–5.

“Luther, the Fortunate,” The Reformed Journal 4.6 (June 1954): 8–10.

“Pharisaitis,” The Calvin Forum 19.11 (June – July 1954): 219–220.

“Luther Was Not Alone,” The Reformed Journal 4.7 (July–August 1954): 6–8.

“As Sons of Olivianus (Part I),” The Reformed Journal 5.1 (January 1955): 13–16.

“As Sons of Olivianus (Part II),” The Reformed Journal 5.2 (February 1955): 11–15.

“As Sons of Olivianus (Part III),” The Reformed Journal 5.3 (March 1955): 13–16.

“As Sons of Olivianus (Part IV),” The Reformed Journal 5.4 (April 1955): 12–15.

“Reformed Faith and Symmetrism,” The Reformed Journal 5.9 (October 1955): 1–3.

“On the IUS Reformandi,” The Reformed Journal 6.2 (February 1956): 15; see also “The Interesting Quotation,” Progressive Calvinism 2.4 (April 1956): 122–123. The editor is quoting from Verduin’s 1956 article in The Reformed Journal.

“Apostate from Reformed Principles?,” The Reformed Journal 6.5 (May 1956): 10–13.

“Foundation of American Freedom,” The Reformed Journal 6.9 (September 1956): 17–19.

“Toward a Theistic Creationism (Part I),” The Reformed Journal 6.10 (October 1956): 6–9.

“Toward a Theistic Creationism (Part II),” The Reformed Journal 6.11 (November 1956): 9–13.

“Reformed Theology and First Amendment,” The Reformed Journal 8.3 (March 1958): 6–9.

“Does Our Theology Hamper Our Missions?,” The Reformed Journal 8.6 (June 1958): 3–6.

“On Confrontation,” The Reformed Journal 8.9 (September 1958): 14–17.

“Scripture and Saaso,” The Reformed Journal 8.10 (October 1958): 20–23.

“Calvin on Secession,” The Reformed Journal 9.5 (May 1959): 8–10.

“A Note on Chapels,” The Reformed Journal 9.7 (July–August 1959): 17–18.

“Christian Truth is an Ellipse,” The Reformed Journal 9.9 (October 1959): 6–8.

“The Concept of Infallibility in the Christian Tradition,” The Reformed Journal 9.11 (November 1959): 15–17.

“A Theological Note on the Incarnation,” The Reformed Journal 9.12 (December 1959): 11–12.

“Karl Barth’s Rejection of Infant Baptism,” The Reformed Journal 10.2 (February 1960): 13–17.

“Letters to the Journal,” The Reformed Journal 10.4 (April 1960): 23.

“Toward a Biblical View of Marriage,” The Reformed Journal 10.6 (June 1960): 5–9.

“The Chambers of Rhetoric and Anabaptist Origins in the Low Countries,” in Mennonite Quarterly Review 34.3 (July 1960): 192–196.

Daily Manna Calender (Aug? or Sept?, 1960): ?

“This Infallible Rule,” The Reformed Journal 10:11 (November 1960): 12–15.

“None Except Reformed,” The Reformed Journal 11.1 (January 1961): 22–23.

“Which Belgic Confession? (Part 1),” The Reformed Journal 11 (September 1961): 16–20.

“Guido de Brès and the Anabaptists,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 35.4 (October 1961): 251–266.

“Which Belgic Confession? (Part 2),” The Reformed Journal 11 (October 1961): 19–22.

“Which Belgic Confession? (Part 3),” The Reformed Journal 11 (November 1961): 14–17.

“Which Belgic Confession? (Part 4),” The Reformed Journal 11 (December 1961): 17–20.

“Which Belgic Confession? (Part 5),” The Reformed Journal 12 (January 1962): 15–19.

“Books in Review: Heretics??? A Review of ‘Even Unto Death: The Heroic Witness of the 16th Century Anabaptists,’ by John Christian Wenger (John Knox Press, 1961),” Christianity Today 6.9 (February 2, 1962): 44–45.

“Thou and Thy House,” The Reformed Journal 12.3 (March 1962): 12–15.

“Back to Dordt?,” The Reformed Journal 12.7 (July–August 1962): 4–7.

“The Church’s Return to the Womb,” The Reformed Journal 13.2 (February 1963): 6–9.

“The Heidelberg Catechism in the Perspective of History,” The Reformed Journal 13.5 (May–June 1963): 6–9.

“Baptism and Original Sin (Part 1),” The Reformed Journal 13.7 (September 1963): 19–23.

“Baptism and Original Sin (Part 2),” The Reformed Journal 13.8 (October 1963): 18–21.

“Of Moats and Drawbridges,” The Reformed Journal 14.4 (April 1964): 19–21.

“Books in Review: Gospel on Campus: A Review of ‘On the Work of the Ministry in University Communities,’ by Richard N. Bender (The Methodist Church, Division of Higher Education, 1962),Christianity Today 8.18 (June 5, 1964): 30–31.

“Education in a ‘Christian’ Society,” The Presbyterian Guardian 33 (November 1964): 139–141, 148–151.

“Man, a Created Being: What of An Animal Ancestry for Man?,” Christianity Today 9.17 (May 21, 1965): 9–16.

“On being ‘Pink’,” The Reformed Journal 15.9 (November 1965): 8–11.

“Letter to the Editor: ‘On the Stepchildren of the Reformation’,” Torch and Trumpet 15.10 (December 1965): 21–22.

“‘Liberalisme’ in South Africa,” The Reformed Journal 16.7 (September 1966): 9–12.

“On Reconciling a Mother and a Daughter,” The Reformed Journal 17.3 (March 1967): 10–12.

“The Gospel and Apartheid,” The Reformed Journal 17.6 (July–August 1967): 11–13.

“Retarded Socialization,” The Reformed Journal 17.10 (December 1967): 9–11.

“War and the New Morality: A Comment,” The Reformed Journal 18.2 (February 1968): 29–30.

“Letters to the Journal,” The Reformed Journal 20.2 (February 1970): 30.

“The ‘If’ of the Gospel,” The Reformed Journal 20.4 (April 1970): 8–10.

“The Great South African Divide,” The Reformed Journal 20.6 (July–August 1970): 13–15.

“Response,” The Reformed Journal 20.7 (September 1970): 24.

“Report from South Africa,” The Reformed Journal 20.8 (October 1970): 16.

“Report from South Africa (2),” The Reformed Journal 20.9 (November 1970): 19–20.

“Review of ‘The New Left and Christian Radicalism,’ by Arthur Gish (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1970),” The Reformed Journal 21.1 (January 1971): 23–25.

“Report from South Africa (3),” The Reformed Journal 21.3 (March 1971): 18–20.

The Banner 106 or 107 (April 14, 1971 or 72?): ?.

“Report from South Africa (4),” The Reformed Journal 21.7 (September 1971): 28–29.

“Report from South Africa (5), The Reformed Journal 21.9 (November 1971): 24–25.

“On the Nature and Extent of Biblical Authority,” The Banner (November 19, 1971?): 20–23.

“Leonard Verduin on Report 36: Reply,” The Banner 107.18 (May 5, 1972): 25.

“Reply,” The Banner 107.24 (June 16, 1972): 21.

“In Defense of Words,” The Banner 107.27 (July 7, 1972): 10–11.

“Of Beards & Bonnets,” The Banner 107.34 (September 8, 1972): 16–17.

“Mountains,” The Banner 107.35 (September 15, 1972): 11.

“Wild-Life,” The Banner 107.38 (October 6, 1972): 13.

“Reply,” The Banner 107.38 (October 6, 1972): 21.

“One-Navelism,” The Banner 107.42 (November 3, 1972): 16–17.

“A Review of ‘Arminius: A Study in the Dutch Reformation,’ by Carl Bangs. Nashville and New York: Abingdon Press, 1971,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 47.1 (January 1973): 71–72.

“On Getting Past Sirens,” The Banner 108.10 (March 9, 1973): 6–7.

“On Gerrymandering (1),” The Banner 108.15 (April 13, 1973): 12–13.

“On Gerrymandering (2),” The Banner 108.16 (April, 20, 1973): 12–14.

“On Gerrymandering (3),” The Banner 108.17 (April 27, 1973): 12–13.

“The Case for ‘Close’ Communion,” The Banner 108.20 (May 18, 1973): 14–15.

“Paradise,” The Banner 108.22 (June 1, 1973): 11.

“Pack Rat,” The Banner 108.30 (July 27, 1973): 9.

“Will the Real CRC Please Stand Up?,” The Banner 108.32 (August 24, 1973): 16–17.

“Well,” The Banner 108.35 (September 14, 1973): 9.

“Infant,” The Banner 108.38 (October 5, 1973): 9.

“Once,” The Banner 109.1 (January 4, 1974): 9.

“Canals,” The Banner 109.3 (January 18, 1974): 9.

“Road-Runner,” The Banner 109.9 (March 1, 1974): 14.

“That First Commission (1),” The Banner 109.10 (March 8, 1974): 10–11.

“That First Commission (2),” The Banner 109.11 (March 15, 1974): 10–11.

“That First Commission (3),” The Banner 109.12 (March 22, 1974): 12–13.

“A Review of ‘South African Dialogue: Contrasts in South African Thinking on Basic Race Issues,’ ed. Ν J Rhoodie Philadelphia Westminster, 1972,” The Reformed Journal 24.4 (April 1974): 26–27.

“Vacation Religion,” The Banner 109.27 (July 5, 1974): 4–5.

“Day 13,” The Banner 109.27 (July 5, 1974): 21.

“False Advertising,” The Banner 109.30 (July 27, 1974): 6–8.

“Reader Reaction: ‘Verpakkingsmateriaalhermeneutick,’” The Reformed Journal 24.6 (July–August 1974): 11–13.

“Crisis,” The Banner 109.37 (September 27, 1974): 19.

“The AACS and the Word ‘Word’,” The Banner 109.40 (October 18, 1974): 13–14.

“Is the ‘Race Problem’ a Problem of Race?,” The Banner 109.44 (November 15, 1974): 14–15.

“Why is the Third World Poor?,” The Banner 110.2 (January 10, 1975): 4–5.

“Manzanita,” The Banner 110.3 (January 17, 1975): 3.

“Untimely,” The Banner 110.4 (January 24, 1975): 3.

“Automation,” The Banner 110.5 (January 31, 1975): 3.

“Pass,” The Banner 110.7 (February 14, 1975): 3.

“Dossier,” The Banner 110.10 (March 7, 1975): 3.

“Thorns,” The Banner 110.13 (March 28, 1975): 3.

“Hedgehog,” The Banner 110.15 (April 11, 1975): 3.

“Humus,” The Banner 110.17 (April 25, 1975): 3.

“Schism,” The Banner 110.18 (May 2, 1975): 3.

“Now,” The Banner 110.19 (May 9, 1975): 3.

“Rattlers,” The Banner 110.20 (May 16, 1975): 3.

“Barrel Cactus,” The Banner 110.21 (May 23, 1975): 3.

“Confession,” The Banner 110.23 (June 6, 1975): 3.

“Saguaro,” The Banner 110.24 (June 24, 1975): 3.

“Day 1,” The Banner 110.27 (July 4, 1975): 6.

“Mayhem in the Cathedral,” The Banner 110.32 (August 22, 1975): 4–6.

“What Has Jerusalem to do With Pretoria,” The Reformed Journal 25.7 (September 1975): 11–13.

Leonard Verduin (writing as “Dispersion”), “Letters to ‘The Church That is in Babylon’ (1),” The Banner 110.36 (September 19, 1975): 6–7, 27. Verduin wrote anonymously three times as the “Dispersion” on the editorial page of The Banner. See the reference to this fact in “Just Between Us,” The Banner 110.44 (November 14, 1975): 2.

Leonard Verduin (writing as “Dispersion”), “Letters to ‘The Church That is in Babylon’ (2),” The Banner 110.38 (October 3, 1975): 6–7.

“Under Which ‘Sign’?,” The Banner 110.42 (October 31, 1975): 3.

Leonard Verduin (writing as “Dispersion”), “Letters to ‘The Church That is in Babylon’ (3),” The Banner 110.43 (November, 7, 1975): 10–11.

“Mistletoe,” The Banner 110.48 (December 12, 1975): 3.

“Lariat,” The Banner 111.8 (February 20, 1976): 3.

“Vinegar,” The Banner 111.10 (March 5, 1976): 3.

“Wildebeest,” The Banner 111.18 (April 30, 1976): 3.

“Review of ‘Anabaptists—Four Centuries Later,’ by J. Howard Kaufman and Leland Harder (Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1975),” Calvin Theological Journal 11.1 (April 1976): 95–102.

“Sect,” The Banner 111.21 (May 21, 1976): 3.

“Discrimination,” The Banner 111.24 (June 11, 1976): 3.

“Tenses,” The Banner 111.27 (July 2, 1976): 20.

“Mogollon Rim,” The Banner 111.30 (July 23, 1976): 3.

“These My Brethren”: Who are They? (Readers Respond),” The Reformed Journal 27.7 (July 1977): 5–7.

“Review of ‘Kingdom, Cross, and Community: Essays for G. F. Hershberger,’ by J. R. Burkholder and Calvin Redekop (Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1976),” Calvin Theological Journal 13.1 (April 1978): 60–65.

“Review of ‘Continental Pietism and Early American Christianity,’ by F. Ernest Stoefler (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1976),” Calvin Theological Journal 13.1 (April 1978): 65–67.

“The Career of a Creed,” The Banner 115.12 (March 1980): 14–?

“The roots of ‘heresy’: A Review of ‘Dutch Anabaptism: Origin, Spread, Life, and Thought (1450–1600),’ by Cornelius Krahn (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1968),” The Reformed Journal 31.11 (November–December 1981): 32–33.

“Why be a Mennonite?: A Review of ‘An Introduction to Mennonite History,’ ed. Cornelius J. Dyke (Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1967),” The Reformed Journal 32.3 (March 1982): 25.

“A Review of ‘De Fryske Minnisten en Harren Sosiëteit,’ by J. S. Postma (Franeker: T. Wever Publishing House, 1980),” Mennonite Quarterly Review (April 1983): 167–168.

“In Tryst with Luna,” The Banner 118.28 (August 1, 1983): 16.

“A Review of ‘Dopers-Calvinistisch Gesprek in Nederland,’ ed. H. B. Kossen, et al. (The Hague: Boekencentrum, 1982),” Mennonite Quarterly Review 58.3 (July 1984): 320–321.

“CRC: Hewn from the Rock,” The Banner 8, vol. 119, no. 36 (October 1984): 8–9.

“In His Image,” The Reformed Journal 35.5 (May 1985): 9–12.

“Readers Respond: Why Christians Should Feel Alone,” The Reformed Journal 37.7 (July 1987): 7–8.

“Did the Advent Abort?” The Reformed Journal 37.12 (December 1987): 10–12.

“A Review of ‘Mennonite Identity: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives,’ ed. Calvin Redekop Lanham, MD (University Press of America, 1988),” Calvin Theological Journal 24.1 (April 1989): 188–190.

“More on Judeopathy,” Perspectives 7.6 (June 1992): 10–11.

V. Miscellaneous writings

“Notes on Anabaptist Origins,” Unpublished paper in box 41, folder 4. Herald S. Bender Papers, Archives of the Mennonite Church USA, Goshen, Indiana.

“The Early History of the Text of the Belgic Confession,” box 579, folder 2, Papers of the Belgic Confession Translation Committee, CCA.

“Minority Report,” box 579, folder 5. Papers of the Belgic Confession Translation Committee, CCA.

Verduin to John C. Wenger, Nov. 18, 1947. Box 12, folder 32. Wenger Papers, Archives of the Mennonite Church USA, Goshen, Indiana.

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